Floating Wind Farm

Floating Wind Farm

26 July, 2017
World's First
Scotland Is Building World's First Floating Wind Farm
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In an effort to develop reliable clean energy solutions, Statoil is building the world's first floating wind farm offshore Scotland, UK. With its unique Hywind floating wind concept, the international energy company is installing a 30 megawatt wind turbine farm 25 kilometres offshore Peterhead, which will power around 200,000 households in Scotland upon completion. The four-square-kilometre, 95–120-metre deep pilot wind farm is situated in the North Sea. The five floating turbines will operate in the area where wind speed is recorded at 10 metres per second on average.

The perks of a floating offshore wind farm

Hywind technology places a turbine on top of a ballasted steel cylinder, which is then fastened to the seabed by three mooring lines. The technology has been tested in a demonstration project in Norway. Wind farms are built offshore for higher, more consistent wind speeds and minimal turbulence.

"The momentum is building around the potential for floating offshore wind technology to unlock deeper water sites," says Scotland's Deputy First Minister, John Swinney.

A floating wind farm is more flexible in location and more adaptable in deep waters. This feature is likely to open up new markets in the renewable energy production industry.

Scotland leading wind energy production

To date, there are seven large onshore wind farms, one under construction and one offshore wind farm. Wind energy is dominating Scotland's renewable energy production.

According to BEIS Energy Trends, in the first quarter of 2017 onshore and offshore wind energy accounts for 6954 MW—more than 70 per cent of Scotland's current electricity consumption. The Scottish Government has a target of generating 100 per cent of Scotland's electricity from renewable energy by 2020. The country's wind turbines also produce electricity at a higher average capacity factor (31 per cent) than the average of those in European Union (25 per cent).

By: Angela Ng
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